‚ÄčCWA
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Franklin Delano Roosevelt created the Civil Works Administration on November 9, 1933. Rooselvelt had a plan called the New Deal. CWA was incorroporated into the New Deal to help Americans deal with the Great Depression. This also helped end the depression and help prevent future economical downfalls. The CWA brought to work over 4 million Americans which made up a total of 3% of the population. The CWA hired workers to help create public projects. They would construct public buildings, roadways, and clean National parks. Both men and women could work for the CWA. The wages varied based on how skilled the workers were. Unskilled workers recieved fifty cents an hour, while a skilled worker would recieve $1.20 per hour. Republicans were not fond of the CWA, because it made the cheif employer the Federal Government. The program ended in 1934, when Roosevelt saw the damage it was causing. Over $1 billion were spent on wages. He also said later that if the program proceded that it would leave the public to believe that the Great Deppresion would be an on-going thing.
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"Man, unlike any other thing organic or inorganic in the universe, grows beyond his work, walks up the stairs of his concepts, emerges ahead of his accomplishments."-Grapes of Wrath

Remarks on Signing Executive Order Creating Civil Works Administration
Four million men now out of employment will be put to work under a plan announced today by the President.
Two million of these will become self-sustaining employees on Federal, State and local public projects on November 16th, and will be taken completely off the relief rolls. An additional two million will be put back to work as soon thereafter as possible.
This plan will be administered by the newly created Civil Works Administration. The President today appointed Harry L. Hopkins, as Administrator.
The Civil Works Administration will be financed jointly by funds from the Public Works Administration and the Federal Emergency Relief Administration, but States, cities, counties and towns will be required to provide the funds to meet their share of the Civil Works program.
Secretary Harold L. Ickes, Public Works Administrator, was prepared to make available an amount up to $400,000,000 to the Civil Works Administration.
The two million men comprise those now on work relief provided by local relief administrations operating under the State and Federal Emergency Relief Administrations. These will immediately be placed on regular pay at the hourly rates prevailing for similar work in the community. The program contemplates a thirty-hour week for the workers.
Work relief divisions of the existing State and local emergency unemployment relief administrations will be modified to perform the expanded employment activities and will be known as Civil Works Divisions.
Creation of the new agency constitutes a fundamental change in the Federal program to deal with unemployment aspects of the depression. It will remove from the relief rolls a major portion of those receiving the necessities of life on the basis of public aid and place them on regular employment. It is designed to remove from relief all employable persons. Those hired by the Civil Works Administration will benefit by an immediate increase in income over their former relief allowances.
The projects on which the workers will be used will include not only the type on which work-relief is now being given, but also a wide range of employment in activities bordering on but not covered in the province of the Public Works Administration. This expanded field will enable the local Civil Works Divisions to undertake considerably more construction and to use greater quantities of construction materials. Work relief has been limited almost entirely to work involving a minimum of materials, since expenditure of emergency relief funds under this method was necessarily confined to relief allowances in the form of work relief wages.
Approximately 3,000,000 families are now being cared for throughout the country by public relief administrations financed in whole or part by Federal emergency relief funds.
Approximately 2,000,000 adult members of these families are earning relief in the form of wages for part-time employment on made-work projects. The total amount earned by the members of any one family is less than $20 a month in most of the localities.
By this one stroke at least two-thirds of the families in the country now receiving relief will be placed on a self-sustaining basis.


Executive Order No. 6420b November 9, 1933
Creating Civil Works Administration

By virtue of the authority vested in me under Title II of the National Industrial Recovery Act of June 16, 1933 (Public No. 67, 73d Congress), and for the purpose of increasing employment quickly:
(1) I hereby establish a Federal Civil Works Administration, and appoint as Administrator thereof of the Federal Emergency Relief Administrator, as an agency to administer a program of public works as a part of, and to be included in, the comprehensive program under preparation by the Federal Emergency Administration of Public Works, which program shall be approved by the Federal Administrator of Public Works and shall be known as the "civil works program."
(2) The Federal Emergency Relief Administrator, as the head of the Federal Civil Works Administration, is authorized to construct, finance, or aid in the construction or financing of any public-works project included in the civil works program and to acquire by purchase any real or personal property in connection with the accomplishment of any such project and to lease any such property with or without the privilege of purchase.
(3) The said Administrator is further authorized to appoint without regard to the civil service laws of classification Act of 1923, as amended, and fix the compensation of such officers, experts and employees, and prescribe their duties and authority and make such expenditures (including expenditures for personal services and rent at the seat of government and elsewhere, for law books and books of reference and for paper, binding, and printing), as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of the Federal Civil Works Administration and, with the consent of the State or municipality concerned, may utilize such State and local officers and employees as he may deem necessary.
(4) For the purpose of this order, there is hereby allocated to the Federal Civil Works Administration the sum of $400,000,000 out of the appropriation of $3,300,000,000 authorized by Section 220 of the National Industrial Recovery Act and made by the Fourth Deficiency Act, fiscal year 1933, approved June 16, 1933 (Public No. 77, 73d Congress).