Dust Bowl
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the wind storms destroyed many farms, causing the farmers to fall farther into debt

"When the night came again it was black night, for the stars could not pierce the dust to get down, and the window lights could not even spread beyond their own yards..."
-
Grapes of Wrath


The Dust Bowl era of the 1930's has become known as the worst environmental disaster in American history. The overplowing of the land in the Great Plains and a severe drought caused the large dust storms. At the time little was known about the dangers of destroying the natural grasses in the plains. These grasses were able to withstand drought and hold the soil together. The wheat planted before the drought died from the lack of rain, exposing the top soil. Natural wind currents picked up the soil forming large dust storms. Some of these storms were able to travel from Oklahoma and New York City.


The dust storms led to many environmental and social issues. These storms eventually formed
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This map shows the area referred to as the Dust Bowl
their own weather patterns and stripped the top soil from the land. Other than just destroying the landscape, the storms brought about many health concerns to the people of the Great Plains. People were often forced to wear masks and goggles when traveling in the dust storms to avoid suffocation from inhaling the dust. Visibility
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Many of the dust storms were ablet to travel hundreds of miles.
during dust storms was incredibly limited and made traveling difficult. One of the worst dust storms happened on Black Sunday, when a dust storm traveling at sixty miles per hour hit numerous towns and caused widespread damage.

Coupled with the Great Depression, the Dust Bowl had a severe impact on the Americans living in the Great Plains. Many were left homeless and without jobs and forced to move out of the regions affected by the dust storms. Those looking for work often headed west to California.